Data Data Data

 DATA DATA DATA

Here is a summary of important data related to global warming / climate change. There are also data on the Climate Science page.

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1. Global average temperature data since 1880  from GISS NASA and from BEST.

Note that the global average temperature since around 1975 has a definite upward trend. This is the definition of recent global warming. Fluctuations around this upward global warming trend are also present. In particular, 1998 had a high temperature due to a huge El Nino heating effect superimposed on the global warming trend. El Nino which heats the earth (and its counterpart La Nina which cools the earth) produce fluctuations that obscure but do not hide the upward trend due to man-made global warming. The GISS/NASA data have 2010 tied with 2005 as the hottest year. 2009 is next tied with 1998 and several other years. The BEST (Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature) data graph also has the greenhouse gas forcing plotted overlay. The correlation is very high and the physical mechanism is clear. Recently it appears that the deep oceans have been absorbing an extra amount of heat, disguising some of the global warming signal.

 

 

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2. Reconstructions over the last 1,300 years (Northern Hemisphere): "Hockey Stick".

Note that, contrary to contrarian claims, there was NO pronounced global "medieval warming period". Temperatures today are higher than any time in the past 1,300 years, including medieval times.

 

Figure caption: "(b) Reconstructions using multiple climate proxy records, identified in Table 6.1, including three records (JBB..1998, MBH..1999 and BOS..2001) shown in the TAR, and the HadCRUT2v instrumental temperature record in black. "

 

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3. Carbon Dioxide (top pic) and other greenhouse gases over the last ten thousand years

 

The huge spike in CO2 is man-made, is responsible for the upward global warming trend in the last 30 years, and will lead to much worse global warming in the future. Other greenhouse gases contribute. If substantial release of methane in the permafrost is triggered, global warming will become even far worse. Graphic is from the 2007 IPCC Science Report.

 

 

 

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Temperature data last 10,000 years plus BAU projection next 100 years

Data from last 10,000 years and projected temperatures to 2100 with uncertainties

 

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Minima and Maxima of temperatures at different locations - when they happened: Note high temperature records have been made recently

 

 

 

 

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Misuse of data by Science Deniers

It's not the Sun

Climate science deniers routinely and fallaciously claim that solar activity is correlated with recent climate. This graph shows that since the recent global warming trend started around 1975 the sun has NOT been heating up. The science deniers are wrong. Here are the data:

There is no Pause in Global Heating of the Planet

Science deniers only focus on a minute fraction of the data that suits their purpose. From ClimateNexus.

 

Deniers distort the Satellite Data

 

 

 

 

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SOURCES and References

Global Climate Observing System

The vision of Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) is for all users to have access to the climate observations, data records and information they need to address pressing climate-related concerns. GCOS users include individuals, national and international organizations, institutions and agencies. GCOS works with partners to ensure the sustained provision of reliable physical, chemical and biological observations and data records for the total climate system – across the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial domains, including hydrological and carbon cycles and the cryosphere.

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Last edit 6Jan2019

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