The Sustainable Development goals were preceded by the Millenium Development Goals or MDGs. The MDGs were eight development goals against poverty that all 192 UN Member States agreed to achieve by 2015. Achievement of the MDGs and mitigation of climate change are intertwined. There are a huge number of people living on less than $1.25 per day (1.4 billion people in 2005).
Climate change presents significant threats to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, especially those related to eliminating poverty and hunger and promoting environmental sustainability. An increasing body of evidence are pointing to the disproportionate negative impact climate change will have on the poorest countries who, ironically, have contributed least to the problem.