Countries - Climate Action

Climate Action by Individual Countries and Cities

Here are just a few examples in the (huge) area of what various countries and cities are doing to act against global warming and climate change.  The US is treated in depth HERE.



Major Economies Forum

The Major Economies Forum MEF (see also HERE) is made up of 17 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Their main goal is to advance the exploration of concrete initiatives and joint ventures that increase the supply of clean energy while cutting greenhouse gas emissions. 

The Leaders of the 17 MEF partners agreed that moving to a clean energy economy provides an opportunity to promote continued economic growth and sustainable development as part of a vigorous response to the danger posed by climate change. They identified an urgent need for deployment of clean energy technologies at the lowest possible cost, and established the Global Partnership to drive transformational progress. As an initial step, they requested a suite of Technology Action Plans, which now span ten climate-related technologies that together address more than 80% of the energy sector carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduction potential identified by the IEA. MEF partners agreed to lead the work to develop the Technology Action Plans. These technologies include:

• Advanced Vehicles (Canada) • Bioenergy (Brazil and Italy) • Carbon Capture, Use & Storage (Australia and United Kingdom) • Energy Efficiency – Buildings Sector (United States) • Energy Efficiency – Industrial Sector (United States) • High-Efficiency, Low-Emissions (HELE) Coal (India and Japan) • Marine Energy (France) • Smart Grid (Italy and Korea) • Solar Energy (Germany and Spain) • Wind Energy (Denmark, Germany, and Spain)

  • HERE is a fact sheet on the MEF. 
  • HERE is a meeting in July 2010 in Washington DC called the Clean Energy Ministerial, which brought together ministers and stakeholders from more than 20 countries to collaborate on policies and programs that accelerate the world's transition to clean energy technologies.

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  • Oil phase-out

  • Video - Sweden's Minister for the Environment on Climate Change, Green cars, greening taxation, sustainable cities. 3 minutes.

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  • In one of the most radical climate programmes yet by an oil-producing nation, the Norwegian government has proposed increasing its carbon tax on offshore oil companies by £21 to £45 (Nkr410) per tonne of CO2; see HERE.

  • The Oslo government, to help offset its emissions, [will] force through new building regulations to make all new homes carbon-neutral by 2015 and increase efforts to heavily cut emissions from cars...

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Climate Litigation

The Urgenda case involved a Dutch group who successfully sued their government for not meeting its obligations to fight climate change. It was the first time anywhere in the world that a court ordered a government to reduce its national carbon emissions. Video:






CEPS Energy and Climate Change (Centre for European Policy Studies)


  Cities across the globe

Internationally, many cities are active on climate change. 

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Last edit 22Jan2018


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