# Solar Energy

SOLAR ENERGY

The field of solar energy is immense. Here is an introduction and a sampling of information.

What's the picture? It's a parabolic dish and stirling engine system, which concentrates sunlight to produce useful solar power (Wikipedia).

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Background information on solar energy

Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity, solar architecture and artificial photosynthesis.

Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute solar energy. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air.

In 2011, the International Energy Agency said that "the development of affordable, inexhaustible and clean solar energy technologies will have huge longer-term benefits. It will increase countries’ energy security through reliance on an indigenous, inexhaustible and mostly import-independent resource, enhance sustainability, reduce pollution, lower the costs of mitigating climate change, and keep fossil fuel prices lower than otherwise. These advantages are global. Hence the additional costs of the incentives for early deployment should be considered learning investments; they must be wisely spent and need to be widely shared".

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Huge solar project in Arizona (2010), see HERE

DOE Finalizes $1.45 Billion Loan Guarantee for One of the World's Largest Solar Generation Plants Project to Generate 250 Megawatts of Renewable Power and Create Nearly 1,700 Jobs n.b. This project has been completed Washington D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced a$1.45 billion loan guarantee has been finalized for Abengoa Solar Inc.'s Solana project, the world's largest parabolic trough concentrating solar plant. Located near Gila Bend, Arizona, the 250-megawatt (MW) project is the first large-scale solar plant in the United States capable of storing energy it generates. Solana will produce enough energy to serve 70,000 households and will avoid the emissions of 475,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year compared to a natural gas burning power plant.

"As the world's largest solar plant of its kind, the Abengoa's Solana project is playing an important role in creating jobs and clean energy for Arizona as well as fostering innovation in the U.S.," said Secretary Chu. "As today's announcement and other recent announcements of completed loan guarantees for wind and solar projects demonstrate, the Department's loan program is gaining momentum, creating jobs in communities across the country while putting us on the path to a clean energy future."

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(Reuters) - Europe will import its first solar-generated electricity from North Africa within the next five years, European Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger said in an interview on Sunday. "Desertec as a whole is a vision for the next 20 to 40 years with investment of hundreds of billions of euros," said Oettinger.

The European Union is backing projects to turn the plentiful sunlight in the Sahara desert into electricity for power-hungry Europe, a scheme it hopes will help meet its target of deriving 20 percent of its energy from renewable sources in 2020. The amount of electricity would go up into the thousands of megawatts as projects including the 400 billion euro ($495 billion) Desertec solar scheme come on stream. ------------------ ## New crystals yield solar power breakthrough New materials technology has boosted the power conversion efficiency of cheap next-generation solar cells. Called dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs), reported efficiencies of 15% make them competitive with silicon photovoltaic cells. They create electricity from sunlight, mimicking the natural process of photosynthesis. They are made at low temperature, work in low light, are transparent, and can be printed onto flexible surfaces. The technology uses a dye material called perovskite for energy-harvesting. It sits on a porous nanofilm of titanium dioxide (the stuff used to paint white lines on grass tennis courts) within the solar cell. ------------------ Pocono Raceway Solar Installation A solar farm constructed in one of Pocono Raceway's former parking lots will generate enough electricity to power the NASCAR facility as well as about 1,000 homes in the surrounding area, making it the largest solar-powered sports stadium in the world. Here is a picture (the solar cells are in the foreground). Go to top ------------------ A few VIDEOS Here and Here. Go to top ------------------ REFERENCES and LINKS on Solar Energy ------------------ From Wikipedia: Go to top ------------------ LINKS from Gunther Portfolio • ## Solar Associations & Organizations • ## Solar Links Go to top ------------------ • Featured Article Apollo Alliance RSS feed The Apollo Alliance is a coalition of labor, business, environmental, and community leaders working to catalyze a clean energy revolution that will put millions of Americans to... More » • Featured Article Climate Risk and UU Issues Climate change is strongly linked to UU issues. So climate change should be "back on the front page" for UUs. This essay spells out the argument. Climate Risk... More » Recently Updated Climate Change Economics, Energy Finance Seminar 2012 - Fordham U Last Updated on 2011-11-20 00:00:00 The Fordham Climate Change Economics and Energy Finance Symposium, at the Fordham Center for Research in Contemporary Finance, was held on March 1, 2012. The complete video of the Symposium, in two parts, is HERE HERE is the program HERE is the presentation by Jan Dash, UU-UNO Climate Initiative Chair Fordham Climate Economics & Energy Finance Symposium 2012 ------------------ Climate Change, Risk Management, and Science (DASH presentation, Fordham 2012) Go to top ---------------- More » Climate Risk and UU Issues Last Updated on 2011-09-04 00:00:00 Climate change is strongly linked to UU issues. So climate change should be "back on the front page" for UUs. This essay spells out the argument. Climate Risk and UU Issues_FINAL_2Aug11(function() { var scribd = document.createElement("script"); scribd.type = "text/javascript"; scribd.async = true; scribd.src = "http://www.scribd.com/javascripts/embed_code/inject.js"; var s = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(scribd, s); })(); Picture of Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish text of the Universal Declaration in 1949 (Wikipedia) Go to top ----------------- More » Allianz Climate Change RSS Feed Last Updated on 2010-09-12 00:00:00 Here is the Allianz RSS feed on climate change: More » Renewable Energy and the US Stimulus Recovery Act Last Updated on 2010-09-04 00:00:00 Green Energy and the US Stimulus Recovery Act The US Stimulus Recovery act has substantial support for Renewable Energy development, Energy Efficiency, Transportation and other innovative projects, as described HERE and HERE. The full report is HERE. With over$787 billion in funding, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is one of the single boldest and largest investments in the U.S. economy in the nation’s history.  The Recovery Act’s design was three-fold:  to rescue a rapidly deteriorating economy; put the country on a path to recovery by putting Americans back to work quickly; and reinvest in the country’s long-term economic future, building a foundation for a new, more robust, and competitive American economy.   Within the Reinvestment spending of the Recovery Act, over \$100 billion is invested in innovative and... More »
Kerry-Lieberman Climate/Energy Bill Last Updated on 2010-05-11 00:00:00 US Senate Climate/Energy Legislation Update Kerry-Lieberman American Power Act bill released today 12 May 2010; Ref: HERE. Note added 31 July 2011 Kerry, Lieberman: American Power Act Bill Will Secure America's Energy, Climate Future WASHINGTON, D.C. – Senators John Kerry (D-Mass.), Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, and Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.), Chairman of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, today released the details of their comprehensive energy and climate change legislation that will create jobs, strengthen America’s energy independence, safeguard our national security, and restore our global economic leadership for decades to come. “The American Power Act will finally change our nation’s energy policy from a national weakness into a national strength,” said... More »