Adaptation & Vulnerability

Adaptation to Global Warming / Climate Change and Vulnerability; IPCC Report Vol 2

Adaptation to climate change / global warming will be needed along with mitigation. Because impacts are already being observed and because the ocean takes a long time to heat up, mitigation - although crucial - will not be enough. Adaptation unfortunately will not be a simple matter. The human race is no longer composed of small groups of hunter-gatherers, but billions of people generally living in highly arranged societies with limited mobility. The worse the impacts of global warming, the more difficult adaptation will be.

Note: The IPCC is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Read about it.

More on Climate Change Adaption is HERE


IPCC 2014 REPORT (Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability) FREE DOWNLOAD

Summary Products

  1. Technical Summary 18.6MB

  2. WGII AR5 Volume-wide Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 0.15MB

Volume I: Global and Sectoral Aspects

  1. 1. Point of departure 0.95 MB

  2. 2. Foundations for decisionmaking 1.31 MB

  3. 3. Freshwater resources 2.50 MB

  4. 4. Terrestrial and inland water systems 2.80 MB

  5. 5. Coastal systems and low-lying areas 1.42 MB

  6. 6. Ocean systems 9.07 MB

  7. 7. Food security and food production systems 1.64 MB

  8. 8. Urban Areas 3.76 MB

  9. 9. Rural Areas 0.83 MB

  10. 10. Key economic sectors and services 0.82 MB

  11. 11. Human health: impacts, adaptation, and co-benefits 1.13 MB

  12. 12. Human security 0.88 MB

  13. 13. Livelihoods and poverty 2.13 MB

  14. 14. Adaptation needs and options 0.44 MB

  15. 15. Adaptation planning and implementation 0.46 MB

  16. 16. Adaptation opportunities, constraints, and limits 1.56 MB

  17. 17. Economics of adaptation 0.64 MB

  18. 18. Detection and attribution of observed impacts 1.33 MB

  19. 19. Emergent risks and key vulnerabilities 1.23 MB

  20. 20. Climate-resilient pathways: adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development 0.36 MB

Volume II: Regional Aspects

  1. 21. Regional context 0.51 MB

  2. 22. Africa 4.01 MB

  3. 23.Europe 2.98 MB

  4. 24. Asia 1.95 MB

  5. 25. Australasia 2.52 MB

  6. 26. North America 2.84 MB

  7. 27. Central and South America 1.78 MB

  8. 28. Polar Regions 2.35 MB

  9. 29. Small Islands 1.01 MB

  10. 30. The Ocean 4.43 MB

Cross-Chapter Resources

  1. Glossary 0.22 MB

  2. WGII AR5 Chapter-specific FAQs 0.24 MB

  3. Cross-chapter box compendium 2.70 MB

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Archive - 2007 IPCC Report Vol. II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability WGII

Topic Image


Cross-Chapter Case Studies 

Appendices I-V: Glossary, Contributors, Reviewers, Acronyms, Permissions


Errata for Working Group II Fourth Assesment Report


Statements on issues raised since the release of the AR4


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Last edit 27Oct.2017


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